The Basics of Apache NiFi


Apache NiFi supports robust and scalable directed graphs of data routing, transformation and NiFi is based on technology before called “Niagara Files” that was in development and used at scale within the NSA for the last 8 years and was made stable to the Apache Software Foundation through the NSA Technology Transfer Program.

Its main features are:

  • User Friendly Web UI
  • At runtime we can change routes
  • Flexible configurable

Some of the use cases include, but are not limited to:

Apache Nifi we use to automate the process and it is more reliable and secure way to collect data from Source to destination. To overcome real time benchmarks such as limited or expensive bandwidth while getting data quality and reliability. Everything that happens to data is monitored by the users.

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Let’s look at a simple ETL task like reading data from Local, converting character set and uploading to the database.

GetFile Processor:

  1. GetFile Processor we can able to fetch the data from local System Using Input Directory
  2. We need to define the location of file in Input Directory .So that GetFile Processor Fetch the data from that source location and passes into next Downstream Processor
  1. We can Filter the file from Source Using File Filter

ConvertCSVToAvro Processor:

In UpStream Processor we fetch CSV file .Here we convert the CSV File Format into Avro Format.Conversion will happen in ConvertCSVToAvro Processor

ConvertAvroToJson Processor

Once we convert CsvToAvro then we need to convert once again like Json Format. Using ConvertAvroToJson Processor will convert the Avro schema into Json File Format. We can do some customization as well (optional).


Now finally we get Json File. Now we have to import the flowfile into respective databases using ConvertJsonToSQL

Incoming FlowFile is Entire Json File Format .

Parameters listed below:

JDBC Connection Pool:

Databases Connection (whatever databases you want to connect)


Table name: Respective table name

Schema Name: Optional

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Finally Execute statement in Putsql. We have to connect respective databases and load data from local to database. PutSql Processor is to load flowfile into Databases.

Overall Workflow:

Alex is a Big Data Evangelist and a Certified Big Data Engineer with many years of experience. He has helped clients to optimize custom Big Data Implementation, migrate legacy systems to Big Data ecosystem, and build integrated Big Data and Analytics solutions to help business leaders generate custom analytics without need of IT.